The Race to Solve Pace of Play

The race to solve pace of play

Is the solution found in analysis and data, or a ranger named Sally?

By Bradley S Klein, Golf Advisor

Reading Time: 5 minutes

MELBOURNE, Fla. — When it comes to keeping up with the group ahead, golfers at Crane Creek Reserve Golf Course in Melbourne, Fla. don’t have a problem. That’s because they have respect for the kind but firm words of starter Sally White, who seems to rule the roost at this in-town municipal facility that’s exceedingly popular with the locals.

It helps that this par-71 layout, designed by Donald Ross in 1926 – with a routing plan in the architect’s telltale style hidden away in a clubhouse annex – is only 5,886 yards from the back tees and 5,344 from the more commonly used middle tees. At 4,656 yards from the forward tees, it’s also not a stretch for players with slower swing speeds.

About 40 percent of the folks here walk, many of them using a pull cart. Yet even with seven ponds and a large culvert down the middle, the pace of play is a brisk 3:30 to 4 hours. The green-to-tee connections are proximate and it’s just about impossible to lose a golf ball in the rough. So golfers don’t spend a lot of time looking for wayward shots. It’s either wet or it’s easily found in play.

All of which suits Sally the Starter just fine. “There’s no need for a big speech at the first tee,” says White. “And if someone calls in from the course and complains about the group ahead of them, I’ll head out there and casually ask them how it’s going, how are you doing, and engage them in a simple conversation.”

It helps her demeanor as a ranger that White previously invested 34 years as an elementary school physical education teacher. Spend enough time with kids K-6 and you become an effective communicator in soft, non-threatening language – exactly what’s needed when you have the tender task of approaching sluggish golfers and entreating them to play faster.

“I might say something about the group behind them having called in,” adds White. “And that we’d appreciate it if they catch up with the group ahead.”

Sally White keeps an eye on a busy tee sheet at Melbourne, Florida’s Crane Creek Reserve Golf Course. Bradley S. Klein/Golf Advisor

USGA eyes slow play solutions for daily-fee facilities

Industry-wide, golf struggles with slow play and how to expedite golfers. In an era of declining participation – golf lost 1.9 million participants from 2011 to 2017 – 7 percent of its consumer base – the industry is taking a close look at how to encourage golfer satisfaction. Private management firms and consultants have been trying for years to reverse the trend. Now they are being joined by the USGA, which has coordinated an effort to address the problem.

The initiative began a decade ago when the USGA teamed up with a manufacturing industry consultant out of Pebble Beach, California, named Bill Yates, who became an unofficial pace of play guru. Yates, who passed away a year ago, helped the USGA reduce round times at national championships by reformulating everything from tee time separation to the location of spectator crossings. The staff at Golf House in Far Hills, N.J. broadened its approach by studying thousands of rounds played by everyday golfers. It amounted to an expanded version of time and motion studies that had been a staple of the manufacturing sector, this time helped by GPS monitoring devices that tracked every step a golfer took and mapped it out collectively.

The next step was consumer satisfaction surveys, which revealed that the two most important items on how players experience a round are course conditioning and pace of play.

It might seem strange for a game based upon timeless tradition and the absence of a play clock to indulge in data gathering. But as Bodo Sieber, CEO, and co-founder of the golf course pace of play management firm Tagmarshal, said in a recent webinar, a “customer journey analysis” is crucial to understanding how golfers experience a round in general and slow play in particular. He was summarizing what underlay presentations at the Fifth Golf Innovation Symposium in Tokyo, undertaken in conjunction with the USGA and the Japan Golf Association. The idea follows what Sieber paraphrased as the gospel of pioneering business analyst Peter Drucker: “What gets measured gets managed. If you can’t measure it, you can’t improve it.”

The work could not come at a better time. Slow play has been gnawing away at the PGA Tour and the LPGA for over a decade. And just last week, the European Tour’s Edoardo Molinari was so concerned with what he said were rounds lasting 5:30 that he tweeted out previously undisclosed data documenting slow times for Continental players.

Simply urging golfers to play faster does not suffice if the “flow-through” structure of the golf course presents nearly insurmountable obstacles like a profusion of hazards and heavy rough on the right side of holes, where most (right-handed golfers) hit the ball. Architects and management companies have now become more attuned to the need to reduce such hindrance factors – without compromising design integrity.

Perhaps the biggest single move, known as “Tee it forward,” is to get golfers to play the course length appropriate to their swing speed rather than to their ego. In many cases, that has meant 16-handicappers playing from 6,200 yards rather than 6,600 yards, and setting forward tees at around 4,500 yards rather than at 5,400 yards.

A concern for expediting the flow of a round was also one of the motivating factors behind recent rules changes that reduced the time allowed for looking for lost golf balls, and that gave players more options to drop from the immediate area in the case of a lost ball or out-of-bounds without reverting to one of the biggest time killers of all, stroke and distance penalties.

Studies also showed that pace of play could be accelerated if tee times were stretched out a bit, from the 7-8 minutes found at many daily-fee courses to 10 minutes.

The accelerated pace of play, it is hoped, will more than compensate for the marginal reduction in tee times per hour, leading to happier golfers who feel like the round was worth it and who will, therefore, be encouraged to return to the facility for more golf.

In other words, use the increased pace of play as a marketing asset.

In all of this, using starters and rangers as bullies to push people about faster is actually the worst possible approach. In fact, it’s so bad it’s counterproductive. USGA studies revealed that among the most discouraging elements of a golf round are aggressive rangers. The game is tough enough without the added frustration of being harassed to play faster.

All of which Sally White seems to know, intuitively if not necessarily through careful study of industry data. A softer approach goes a long way in public golf. It’s not an approach that is enough on the professional tours, where the consensus is that the best response to slowpokes would be penalty strokes, not just fines. But in a consumer setting, the dynamics are different. Especially at a facility like Crane Creek Reserve, where the design lends itself to relatively trouble-free passage and players just need a reminder.

View original article here.


Tagmarshal, the market leader in on-course optimization technology, provides courses with full, real-time operational oversight and reporting, giving golf operators the tools to manage pace and flow of play effectively, resulting in enhanced player experiences, increased efficiency through automation, and additional revenue generation.

Tagmarshal’s technology has collected over 1 billion data points from more than 50 million rounds of golf and has relationships with in excess of 500 partners, including Hazeltine, Whistling Straits, Baltusrol, Fieldstone, Bandon Dunes, Serenoa and Erin Hills.

Tagmarshal partners with several golf management groups, private, daily fee, public and resort courses, including 35 of the Top 100 US courses, as well as many $30-$50 green fee courses, which are seeing excellent results using the system.